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MigMap – Governing Migration
2009-05-28 15:52:54 - by Antoine Berlon

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migmap

MigMap conveys a picture of how and where the production of knowledge is currently taking place in the area of migration – and of who is participating in and has access to it. MigMap investigates precisely how the new forms of supranational governance that can be observed in the European migration regime function. It looks, for example, at how European standards in politics and civil society are implemented, and at the authorities, persons and institutions taking part in this process. It examines how the various key players in the public and private spheres are interrelated and funded, as well as at the ways in which these spheres overlap or differ in terms of focus, location or personnel. Finally, it analyses how responsibilities are allocated and legitimised – and explores the theories, data and discourses upon which current paradigms in migration are based.

The four maps “Key Players”, “Discourses”, “Europeanisation” and “Places + Practices” are online here

Gender Art Net
2009-05-12 16:21:04 - by Antoine Berlon

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picture-81

OSP participe actuellement au développement du projet Gender Art Net.

Gender Art Net propose de créer un atlas interactif donnant accès à différentes vues et lectures d’un ensemble de positions artistiques feministes dans l’Europe contemporaine.
Soutenu par l’European Cultural Foundation le projet est conçu par la productrice et commissaire Bettina Knaup, en collaboration avec Constant vzw. L’équipe du projet se compose de curatrices, artistes, statisticienne, développeurs, de Berlin, Barcelone, Amsterdam (Dunja Kukovec, Laurence Rassel, Diana McCarty, Maria Perez, Katalin Timar, Urska Merc) et d’étudiants le la section European Media Studies de l’Université de Postdam (Lenore Hipper, Inés Matres, Sebastian Moering, Laura-Helen Rüge)

Le projet explore les relations entre genres, territoires, artistes, œuvres, groupes, réseaux et événements à travers différentes thématiques / fils de discussions.
La base de données du projet se nourrit d’informations encodées par l’équipe éditoriale et d’informations extraites dynamiquement sur les sites web représentatifs des artistes.

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gender-art-net02

OSP travaille à rendre visibles, dynamiques et interactifs ces différents niveaux d’informations.

En collaborations avec Anne-Laure Buisson (statistician, feminist activist, Brussels), nous cherchons à distribuer/spacialiser un ensemble de mots clés significatifs en relation avec les artistes.
Les mots extraits des sites sont filtrés via des techniques de statistiques multi-variées pour générer des représentation en deux dimension reprenant les mots et les artistes, indiquant les relations entre eux et les particularités du lexique et des centres d’intérêts des artistes. Une série de graphiques, agissants comme des clichés ou petites cartes thématiques de l’atlas sont ainsi obtenus.
Plus d’informations Ici

Les informations encodées par l’équipe éditoriale localisent les lieux d’origine et de travail des artistes, associent les artistes à des fils de discussion et réseaux, et relient des œuvres/projets à des lieux.

OSP développe une interface qui permettra de parcourir en ligne cette carte feministe du ciel artistique européen.

Wikibivouac
2009-05-08 13:39:01 - by Antoine Berlon

Wikibivouac is a collaborative map which reappropriates space to create new uses of the city.

The wiki element of contibutions from anyone aggregates information for improved transient occupancy of place.
To do this, the ZOOM team initiated the Hunting Days sessions, worldwide searches for locations of a particular resource - free, drinkable water points, one of the most critical resources to human existence. The first step was a venture into the streets Madrid in search of a free source of potable water. Discovering a fountain in the park, team members shot video to illustrate the potential uses of the resource, integrating the secnes into an instructional video introduceding the hunt and demonstrating the use of the interface to enter the points by street address or GPS coordinates. Data fields provided a way for hunters to enter info about the point, the way to access it, the times it is available, and other descriptive information. By the end of the first Hunting Day, (57) free drinkable water points had been entered into the database, and appeared in the worldwide map, with concentrations in Paris and Prague. When clicked, the points displayed the desciptive information which hunters had entered.

With the first hunt complete, focus shifted to the development of the openlayer tool which drives the Wikibivouac. Some points displayed at inaccurate locations. Developer Sami improved the accuracy of point placement from the interface, also creating a custom blue icon to represent water point locations. The points were shown by default on a black screen, but if users clicked the small plus-sign in the upper right corner, a small menu appeared which gave the option of viewing the points on two different map views.

After selecting the theme of the second hunt, a second instructional video was produced, keeping a humorous tone to encourage hunters to search for free warm spots where one can find shelter through the night. Again the object of the hunt was a free, available, underused resource important to human survival. The Wikibivouac collaborators await the results of the next hunt, which begins tomorrow.
See the site :http://www.wikibivouac.org/

Cartographie des 200 forums francophones les plus populaires
2009-05-07 13:10:07 - by Antoine Berlon

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carte-forums-ouinon

Quels sont les 200 forums les plus populaires sur le web francophone, en 2008 ? Après sa cartographie subjective de la blogosphère, Ouinon répond comme à son habitude par une superbe cartographie, qui figure des données collectées.
Pour constituer cette carte, des milliers de forums francophones visités sur une période de 7 mois et près de 2000 mesurés avec au minimum 7 relevés pour chacun.

Pour résumer, c’est avant tout le nombre de messages par jour qui est pris en compte pour construire cette carte (la taille des « territoires » leur est proportionnelle). Plusieurs chiffres ont ensuite été relevés et utilisés pour fiabiliser au maximum ces données (et les relever à nouveau si besoin), notamment le nombre de visiteurs en ligne à une tranche horaire précise, le nombre de membres, le record de visiteurs en ligne simultanément, la plateforme utilisée ou encore le pays d’origine. Les explications détaillées sur le pourquoi et le comment de cette carte sont disponibles ici : http://www.ouinon.net/documents/pourquoi-comment.pdf

Moss Maps
2009-05-05 10:42:32 - by Antoine Berlon

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Moss-Maps-England

There is a type of lichen which is very common in the Finnish archipelago and my family’s summer house sits on a large granite hill covered with it. I have always seen certain shapes as islands or continents, and decided to affix rub-on letters directly to the lichens to identify them as the places I recognized. When I had finished, the whole hill had become a kind of scrambled atlas.

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Moss-Maps-Australia

http://www.ninakatchadourian.com/maps/worldmap.php

Cartes et arts
2009-05-05 10:27:20 - by Antoine Berlon

La cartographie est utilisée par de nombreux artistes pour créer des œuvres d’art : t : cartes Google Maps, cartes en 3D, cartes virtuelles ou cartes d’inspiration académique, tout est prétexte à les déstructurer, à les décomposer, à les broyer pour créer des collages, des objets, des images d’un univers à la fois raisonné et qui semble, de toute part, partir en déliquescence. D’une certaine manière, on avale des kilomètres et du bitume, on se fait des visites de pays entiers, on survole des continents et on revient toujours au même point de départ : moi, moi et encore moi.
http://googlexxl.blogspot.com/2007/10/art-et-cartographie.html

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Joao-Machado

The brains of London cab drivers
2009-01-04 19:36:57 - by Nicolas Malevé

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«In a study that generated considerable media interest (and won her an Ig Nobel Prize), in 2000 Dr Eleanor Maguire scanned the brains of 16 London black-cab drivers, who had spent an average of two years learning ’the Knowledge’ – street names and routes in London. The taxi drivers had a larger right hippocampus than control subjects, and the longer they had been on the job, the larger their hippocampus was. These findings seem to indicate that the right hippocampus plays an important role in storing spatial memories.

[...]

"When we travel down a route we are familiar with, we often can’t see our destination. Instead, we have an image of it in our mind, and a mental map of how to get there. But this mental map is very different from a street map. I’m trying to understand how we create internal three-dimensional representation of space and our position within it."

She is also interested in another form of memory, linked to spatial memory, which appears to be mediated by the left, rather than the right hippocampus. "Having created an internal representation of large-scale space, how do we structure episodic memories – particular events and personal experiences that occurred at a specific time and place – within that environment?" »

Read more or watch the video on the National Geographic website

Denis Wood on maps, neighborhoods and pumpkins
2008-07-02 12:14:10 - by Nicolas Malevé

From the archive of This American Life’s radio, a wonderful broadcast described as:

Five ways of mapping the world. One story about people who make maps the traditional way—by drawing things we can see. And other stories about people who map the world using smell, sound, touch, and taste. The world redrawn by the five senses.

Especially moving is the interview of Denis Wood who creates maps of Boylan Heights, Raleigh, North Carolina, his neighborhood: a traditional street locator map; a map of all the sewer and power lines under the earth’s surface; a map of how light falls on the ground through the leaves of trees; a map of where all the Halloween pumpkins are each year; and a map of all the graffiti in the neighborhood

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Pumpkins map, by Denis Wood

More images

I couldn’t resist to make a partial transcript of the interview. Here it goes:
Denis Wood: I have a map of the pumpkins that were on the porches at Halloween.
Ira Glass: What does it tell you?
DW: That’s actually a very interesting map. I like to relate it to the map that shows the number of times each residence was mentioned in the Boyler Heights newsletter in the past 25 years
IG: You made a map of that?
DW: Yes, you take all the newsletters and you just note every address that appears in it.
Wether it appears as the name of a specific individual in the neighborhood or as address and you just do frequenties attached to each one of the residences. And the thing that strucked me about that map when I first did it was that some locations, some dwellings ... are frequently mentioned no matter whoever lives in them and I imagined that who were going to be movers and shakers in the neighborhood pick homes that are in important locations in the neighborhood are architecturally significant or historically significant
IG: They have just got more money
DW: Believe me, money is what’s behind both the pumpkin map and that map.
IG: As you told me this, I was thinking where are the pumpkins? Where is the greatest proliferation of orange pumpkins.
DW: Oh that’s not what the map was. I photographed the pumpkins face and then I printed them black on black so you see the eyes and the mouths of the pumpkins on the black background
IG: So the map of the pumpkins is a map where there are just little eyes and pumpkins mouths floating by the houses which have them
DW: They are just floating on the black background just like the traffic lights were floating...And the map of the traffic signs is just traffic signs, there are no streets or anything. On the map of the streets there are just streets, on the map of the trees there are just trees. And what you do when you go through these maps is you begin to build up even though it is never said a kind of structural knowledge that you take away as a kind of resonance of that neighborhood. You know the idea that we have to have the pumpkins drawn against the streets only makes sense when you don’t have any other images. As soon as you have other images, you say oh my... look look look where these pumpkins are, they are just exactly where, and I here answer your question, exactly where people are mentioned all the time in the newsletter And if you go away to the edges of the neighborhood where people aren’t mentioned in the newsletter My good they don’t have pumpkins on their porches
IG: So the people mentioned in the newsletter they tend to be people in the bigger homes
DW: Yes, they do.

...
DW: [I made maps of] patterns of leaf light in the neighborhood light coming through the leaves of the trees in summer time
IG: What does that tell you?
DW: They are what it is to live in the neighborhood. the neighborhood is experienced as a clutch of patterns of light and sound and smell and tastes and communication with others

...
DW: But I guess, what I am pushing for here is selecting subject for cartographic display that are other than these that are typical
IG: it almost sounds like you are trying to create a ... novel
DW: I am
IG: but with pure symbols of map
DW: yeah. why not?

note: I found the link to the broadcast on the excellent Perrygeo weblog

Cognitive and cartographic representations
2007-09-06 13:21:23 - by Nicolas Malevé

A dense paper that tackles many important themes for a subjective collective cartography: data collection from subjective perception of space, the comparison of subjective datasets, how to map them, which protocols to use, etc.

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Cauvin + Bronner

"In order to clearly understand the cognitive representations of the urban space, this paper presents an approach in three steps : identification, which highlights the importance of a place ; its location more or less exact which indicates the level of the individuals’spatial knowledge, and the description which specifies the significant attributes of these places for the interviewed individuals. In order to obtain comparable maps, a precise protocol is proposed for each step."

Read it online

Colette Cauvin, « Cognitive and cartographic representations : towards a comprehensive approach », Cybergeo, Cartographie, Imagerie, SIG, article 206, mis en ligne le 15 janvier 2002, modifié le 03 mai 2007. URL : http://www.cybergeo.eu/index194.html. Consulté le 04 septembre 2007.

Cartographie subjective de Felix Gonzalez Torres
2006-11-10 11:07:55 - by Pierre Huyghebaert

En expo sans doute quelque part à Berlin (merci Benoît)...

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